The <sqlFile> Change Type allows you to specify SQL statements in an external file.


The <sqlFile> Change Type is useful for complex changes that are not supported through Liquibase automated Change Types such as stored procedures. The SQL contained in the <sqlFile> Change Type can be multi-line.

Tip: If you use psql, SQL Plus, or sqlcmd utility and Liquibase Pro, see Using the PSQL integration and runWith attribute with Liquibase Pro and PostgreSQL, Using the SQL Plus integration and runWith attribute with Liquibase Pro and Oracle, and Using the SQLCMD integration and runWith attribute with Liquibase Pro and MSSQL Server.

Using the sqlFile Change Type

<sqlFile> finds the file in the search path.

<sqlFile> supports multiple SQL statements in the same file:

  • Single-line SQL statements can be separated using a ; at the end of the last line of the SQL or a GO statement. A GO statement must be on a separate line between the two SQL statements.
  • Multi-line SQL statements are also supported. Only a ; or GO statement will finish a multi-line SQL statement, a new line is not enough.
  • Files containing a single SQL statement do not need to use a ; or GO statement.

<sqlFile> supports comments using the following formats:

  • A multi-line comment that starts with /* and ends with */.
  • A single-line comment starting with -- and finishing at the end of the line.

You can also nest <sqlFile> within the rollback tag in a changeset:

Note: By default Liquibase will attempt to split statements on a ; or GO at the end of lines. If you have a comment or non-statement ending with ; or GO, do not include it at the end of a line or you will get invalid SQL.

Available attributes

Name Description Required for Supports Since
dbms Specifies which database types the change must be applied to. Valid database type names are listed on the supported databases page. Separate multiple databases with commas. Specify that a change does not apply to a database type by prefixing it with !. The keywords all and none are also available. all 3.0
encoding Specifies encoding used in the file defined in the path attribute. all
endDelimiter Specifies what character ends a SQL statement. Can be used to override the default value of ;. For example, a stored function that contains the default ; end delimiter to separate the statements inside the function. For more information, see endDelimiter SQL attribute. all
path Specifies the file path of the SQL file to load. all all
relativeToChangelogFile Indicates whether the file path is relative to the changelog file rather than looked up in the search path. all
splitStatements Set to false to not have Liquibase split statements on ;'s and GO's. Defaults to true if not set. all
stripComments Set to true to remove any comments in the SQL before executing, otherwise false. all

Database support

Database Note Auto Rollback
DB2/LUW Supported No
DB2/z Supported No
Derby Supported No
Firebird Supported No
H2 Supported No
HyperSQL Supported No
INGRES Supported No
Informix Supported No
MariaDB Supported No
MySQL Supported No
Oracle Supported No
PostgreSQL Supported No
Snowflake Supported No
SQL Server Supported No
SQLite Supported No
Sybase Supported No
Sybase Anywhere Supported No
Snowflake Supported No