rollback-count

The rollback-count command sequentially reverts a specified number of changesets on your database.

Uses

Use the rollback-count command when you want to roll back changes sequentially, starting with the most recent changes and working backward until the count you specify is reached.

The image below shows three changesets: a, b, and c. Running the command rollback-count --count=3 rolls back the last three changesets.

If you want to revert changeset a without having to roll back changeset b and changeset c as well, you can do it with the help of the rollback-one-changeset command.

In Liquibase Pro 4.27.0 and later, you can automatically generate a database Rollback Report summarizing this command.

Impact

Using rollback-count comes with the risk of removing all changes depending on the number you specify. Also, when you roll back any change, the row associated with that change is deleted from the DATABASECHANGELOG table.

Warning: rollback-count increments based on changesets in the changelog, not records in the DATABASECHANGELOG table. If you manually delete changesets from your changelog, rollback-count does not restore those changes. For best practices on maintaining large changelogs, see Trimming changelog files.

Look for unintended consequences before using this command.

The best practice is to run the rollback-count-sql command helper command because it allows you to inspect the rollback-count SQL and search for any potential mistakes before you execute the rollback-count command.

Syntax

Before running the rollback-count command, you can run the history command to see all your previously executed changes.

Note: rollback-count works from the bottom of the list toward the top.

To run the rollback-count command, specify the driver, classpath, and URL in the Liquibase properties file. For more information, see Create and Configure a liquibase.properties File. You can also specify these in your command line.

Then run the rollback-count command:

liquibase rollback-count --count=2 --changelog-file=example-changelog.xml

Note: The --count=myCount syntax was added in Liquibase 4.4. If you use an older version, specify your count as a positional argument: <command> myCount.

Command parameters

Attribute Definition Requirement

--changelog-file=<string>

The root changelog

Required

--count=<int>

Integer specifying how many changes Liquibase applies the command to. Specify as --count=myCount. Positional format <command> <count> deprecated in 4.4+.

Required

--url=<string>

The JDBC database connection URL. See Using JDBC URL in Liquibase.

Required

--change-exec-listener-class=<string>

Fully-qualified class which specifies a ChangeExecListener. For more information, see Implementing a Custom ChangeExecListener Class with Liquibase and ChangeExecListenerCommandStep.

Optional

--change-exec-listener-properties-file=<string>

Path to a properties file for the ChangeExecListener class. For more information, see Implementing a Custom ChangeExecListener Class with Liquibase and ChangeExecListenerCommandStep.

Optional

--context-filter=<string>

Specifies the changeset contexts to match. Contexts are tags you can add to changesets to control which changesets are executed in any particular migration run.

Note: If you use Liquibase 4.23.0 or earlier, use the syntax --contexts instead of --context-filter.

Optional

--default-catalog-name=<string>

Name of the default catalog to use for the database connection

Optional

--default-schema-name=<string>

Name of the default schema to use for the database connection. If defaultSchemaName is set, then objects do not have to be fully qualified. This means you can refer to just mytable instead of myschema.mytable.

Tip: In Liquibase v4.23.0+, camelCase for defaultSchemaName works successfully. If you are on an earlier version, camelCase may not work as expected.

Note: The syntax liquibase.command.defaultSchemaName is valid for v4.19.0+. For prior versions, use defaultSchemaName.

Optional

--driver=<string>

The JDBC driver class

Optional

--driver-properties-file=<string>

The JDBC driver properties file

Optional

--label-filter=<string>

Specifies the changeset labels to match. Labels are tags you can add to changesets to control which changesets will be executed in any migration run.

Optional

--password=<string>

Password to connect to the target database.

Tip: It is a best practice to store sensitive data in a Secrets Management tool with Liquibase Pro.

Optional

--report-enabled=<true|false>

Enables a report at the command level. Overrides the global argument --reports-enabled. Default: false.

Optional

--report-name=<string>

Specifies the name of the report file at the command level. Overrides the global argument --reports-name. By default, Liquibase generates a new report file labeled with a timestamp (user's local time). If you set a custom name, Liquibase overwrites the existing file every time you generate a new report. Default: report-<DD-Mon-YYYY-HHmmss>.html.

Optional

--report-path=<string>

Specifies the file path to the report file at the command level. Overrides the global argument --reports-path. Default: ./.

Optional

--rollback-script=<string>

The path to the script to use to perform the rollback. Only needed if the rollback is not already defined in the changelog, and if it is not a rollback statement that is automatically generated by Liquibase.

Optional

--username=<string>

Username to connect to the target database.

Tip: It is a best practice to store sensitive data in a Secrets Management tool with Liquibase Pro.

Optional
Attribute Definition Requirement

cmdArgs: { changelog-file: "<string>" }

The root changelog

Required

cmdArgs: { count: "<int>" }

Integer specifying how many changes Liquibase applies the command to. Specify as --count=myCount. Positional format <command> <count> deprecated in 4.4+.

Required

cmdArgs: { url: "<string>" }

The JDBC database connection URL. See Using JDBC URL in Liquibase.

Required

cmdArgs: { change-exec-listener-class: "<string>" }

Fully-qualified class which specifies a ChangeExecListener. For more information, see Implementing a Custom ChangeExecListener Class with Liquibase and ChangeExecListenerCommandStep.

Optional

cmdArgs: { change-exec-listener-properties-file: "<string>" }

Path to a properties file for the ChangeExecListener class. For more information, see Implementing a Custom ChangeExecListener Class with Liquibase and ChangeExecListenerCommandStep.

Optional

cmdArgs: { context-filter: "<string>" }

Specifies the changeset contexts to match. Contexts are tags you can add to changesets to control which changesets are executed in any particular migration run.

Note: If you use Liquibase 4.23.0 or earlier, use the syntax --contexts instead of --context-filter.

Optional

cmdArgs: { default-catalog-name: "<string>" }

Name of the default catalog to use for the database connection

Optional

cmdArgs: { default-schema-name: "<string>" }

Name of the default schema to use for the database connection. If defaultSchemaName is set, then objects do not have to be fully qualified. This means you can refer to just mytable instead of myschema.mytable.

Tip: In Liquibase v4.23.0+, camelCase for defaultSchemaName works successfully. If you are on an earlier version, camelCase may not work as expected.

Note: The syntax liquibase.command.defaultSchemaName is valid for v4.19.0+. For prior versions, use defaultSchemaName.

Optional

cmdArgs: { driver: "<string>" }

The JDBC driver class

Optional

cmdArgs: { driver-properties-file: "<string>" }

The JDBC driver properties file

Optional

cmdArgs: { label-filter: "<string>" }

Specifies the changeset labels to match. Labels are tags you can add to changesets to control which changesets will be executed in any migration run.

Optional

cmdArgs: { password: "<string>" }

Password to connect to the target database.

Tip: It is a best practice to store sensitive data in a Secrets Management tool with Liquibase Pro.

Optional

cmdArgs: { report-enabled: "<true|false>" }

Enables a report at the command level. Overrides the global argument --reports-enabled. Default: false.

Optional

cmdArgs: { report-name: "<string>" }

Specifies the name of the report file at the command level. Overrides the global argument --reports-name. By default, Liquibase generates a new report file labeled with a timestamp (user's local time). If you set a custom name, Liquibase overwrites the existing file every time you generate a new report. Default: report-<DD-Mon-YYYY-HHmmss>.html.

Optional

cmdArgs: { report-path: "<string>" }

Specifies the file path to the report file at the command level. Overrides the global argument --reports-path. Default: ./.

Optional

cmdArgs: { rollback-script: "<string>" }

The path to the script to use to perform the rollback. Only needed if the rollback is not already defined in the changelog, and if it is not a rollback statement that is automatically generated by Liquibase.

Optional

cmdArgs: { username: "<string>" }

Username to connect to the target database.

Tip: It is a best practice to store sensitive data in a Secrets Management tool with Liquibase Pro.

Optional
Attribute Definition Requirement

liquibase.command.changelogFile: <string>

liquibase.command.<cmdName>.changelogFile: <string>

The root changelog

Required

liquibase.command.count: <int>

liquibase.command.<cmdName>.count: <int>

Integer specifying how many changes Liquibase applies the command to. Specify as --count=myCount. Positional format <command> <count> deprecated in 4.4+.

Required

liquibase.command.url: <string>

liquibase.command.<cmdName>.url: <string>

The JDBC database connection URL. See Using JDBC URL in Liquibase.

Required

liquibase.command.changeExecListenerClass: <string>

liquibase.command.<cmdName>.changeExecListenerClass: <string>

Fully-qualified class which specifies a ChangeExecListener. For more information, see Implementing a Custom ChangeExecListener Class with Liquibase and ChangeExecListenerCommandStep.

Optional

liquibase.command.changeExecListenerPropertiesFile: <string>

liquibase.command.<cmdName>.changeExecListenerPropertiesFile: <string>

Path to a properties file for the ChangeExecListener class. For more information, see Implementing a Custom ChangeExecListener Class with Liquibase and ChangeExecListenerCommandStep.

Optional

liquibase.command.contextFilter: <string>

liquibase.command.<cmdName>.contextFilter: <string>

Specifies the changeset contexts to match. Contexts are tags you can add to changesets to control which changesets are executed in any particular migration run.

Note: If you use Liquibase 4.23.0 or earlier, use the syntax --contexts instead of --context-filter.

Optional

liquibase.command.defaultCatalogName: <string>

liquibase.command.<cmdName>.defaultCatalogName: <string>

Name of the default catalog to use for the database connection

Optional

liquibase.command.defaultSchemaName: <string>

liquibase.command.<cmdName>.defaultSchemaName: <string>

Name of the default schema to use for the database connection. If defaultSchemaName is set, then objects do not have to be fully qualified. This means you can refer to just mytable instead of myschema.mytable.

Tip: In Liquibase v4.23.0+, camelCase for defaultSchemaName works successfully. If you are on an earlier version, camelCase may not work as expected.

Note: The syntax liquibase.command.defaultSchemaName is valid for v4.19.0+. For prior versions, use defaultSchemaName.

Optional

liquibase.command.driver: <string>

liquibase.command.<cmdName>.driver: <string>

The JDBC driver class

Optional

liquibase.command.driverPropertiesFile: <string>

liquibase.command.<cmdName>.driverPropertiesFile: <string>

The JDBC driver properties file

Optional

liquibase.command.labelFilter: <string>

liquibase.command.<cmdName>.labelFilter: <string>

Specifies the changeset labels to match. Labels are tags you can add to changesets to control which changesets will be executed in any migration run.

Optional

liquibase.command.password: <string>

liquibase.command.<cmdName>.password: <string>

Password to connect to the target database.

Tip: It is a best practice to store sensitive data in a Secrets Management tool with Liquibase Pro.

Optional

liquibase.command.reportEnabled: <true|false>

liquibase.command.<cmdName>.reportEnabled: <true|false>

Enables a report at the command level. Overrides the global argument --reports-enabled. Default: false.

Optional

liquibase.command.reportName: <string>

liquibase.command.<cmdName>.reportName: <string>

Specifies the name of the report file at the command level. Overrides the global argument --reports-name. By default, Liquibase generates a new report file labeled with a timestamp (user's local time). If you set a custom name, Liquibase overwrites the existing file every time you generate a new report. Default: report-<DD-Mon-YYYY-HHmmss>.html.

Optional

liquibase.command.reportPath: <string>

liquibase.command.<cmdName>.reportPath: <string>

Specifies the file path to the report file at the command level. Overrides the global argument --reports-path. Default: ./.

Optional

liquibase.command.rollbackScript: <string>

liquibase.command.<cmdName>.rollbackScript: <string>

The path to the script to use to perform the rollback. Only needed if the rollback is not already defined in the changelog, and if it is not a rollback statement that is automatically generated by Liquibase.

Optional

liquibase.command.username: <string>

liquibase.command.<cmdName>.username: <string>

Username to connect to the target database.

Tip: It is a best practice to store sensitive data in a Secrets Management tool with Liquibase Pro.

Optional
Attribute Definition Requirement

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.changelogFile=<string>

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.<cmdName>.changelogFile=<string>

The root changelog

Required

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.count=<int>

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.<cmdName>.count=<int>

Integer specifying how many changes Liquibase applies the command to. Specify as --count=myCount. Positional format <command> <count> deprecated in 4.4+.

Required

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.url=<string>

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.<cmdName>.url=<string>

The JDBC database connection URL. See Using JDBC URL in Liquibase.

Required

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.changeExecListenerClass=<string>

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.<cmdName>.changeExecListenerClass=<string>

Fully-qualified class which specifies a ChangeExecListener. For more information, see Implementing a Custom ChangeExecListener Class with Liquibase and ChangeExecListenerCommandStep.

Optional

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.changeExecListenerPropertiesFile=<string>

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.<cmdName>.changeExecListenerPropertiesFile=<string>

Path to a properties file for the ChangeExecListener class. For more information, see Implementing a Custom ChangeExecListener Class with Liquibase and ChangeExecListenerCommandStep.

Optional

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.contextFilter=<string>

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.<cmdName>.contextFilter=<string>

Specifies the changeset contexts to match. Contexts are tags you can add to changesets to control which changesets are executed in any particular migration run.

Note: If you use Liquibase 4.23.0 or earlier, use the syntax --contexts instead of --context-filter.

Optional

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.defaultCatalogName=<string>

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.<cmdName>.defaultCatalogName=<string>

Name of the default catalog to use for the database connection

Optional

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.defaultSchemaName=<string>

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.<cmdName>.defaultSchemaName=<string>

Name of the default schema to use for the database connection. If defaultSchemaName is set, then objects do not have to be fully qualified. This means you can refer to just mytable instead of myschema.mytable.

Tip: In Liquibase v4.23.0+, camelCase for defaultSchemaName works successfully. If you are on an earlier version, camelCase may not work as expected.

Note: The syntax liquibase.command.defaultSchemaName is valid for v4.19.0+. For prior versions, use defaultSchemaName.

Optional

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.driver=<string>

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.<cmdName>.driver=<string>

The JDBC driver class

Optional

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.driverPropertiesFile=<string>

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.<cmdName>.driverPropertiesFile=<string>

The JDBC driver properties file

Optional

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.labelFilter=<string>

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.<cmdName>.labelFilter=<string>

Specifies the changeset labels to match. Labels are tags you can add to changesets to control which changesets will be executed in any migration run.

Optional

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.password=<string>

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.<cmdName>.password=<string>

Password to connect to the target database.

Tip: It is a best practice to store sensitive data in a Secrets Management tool with Liquibase Pro.

Optional

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.reportEnabled=<true|false>

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.<cmdName>.reportEnabled=<true|false>

Enables a report at the command level. Overrides the global argument --reports-enabled. Default: false.

Optional

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.reportName=<string>

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.<cmdName>.reportName=<string>

Specifies the name of the report file at the command level. Overrides the global argument --reports-name. By default, Liquibase generates a new report file labeled with a timestamp (user's local time). If you set a custom name, Liquibase overwrites the existing file every time you generate a new report. Default: report-<DD-Mon-YYYY-HHmmss>.html.

Optional

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.reportPath=<string>

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.<cmdName>.reportPath=<string>

Specifies the file path to the report file at the command level. Overrides the global argument --reports-path. Default: ./.

Optional

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.rollbackScript=<string>

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.<cmdName>.rollbackScript=<string>

The path to the script to use to perform the rollback. Only needed if the rollback is not already defined in the changelog, and if it is not a rollback statement that is automatically generated by Liquibase.

Optional

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.username=<string>

JAVA_OPTS=-Dliquibase.command.<cmdName>.username=<string>

Username to connect to the target database.

Tip: It is a best practice to store sensitive data in a Secrets Management tool with Liquibase Pro.

Optional
Attribute Definition Requirement

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_CHANGELOG_FILE=<string>

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_<CMDNAME>_CHANGELOG_FILE=<string>

The root changelog

Required

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_COUNT=<int>

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_<CMDNAME>_COUNT=<int>

Integer specifying how many changes Liquibase applies the command to. Specify as --count=myCount. Positional format <command> <count> deprecated in 4.4+.

Required

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_URL=<string>

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_<CMDNAME>_URL=<string>

The JDBC database connection URL. See Using JDBC URL in Liquibase.

Required

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_CHANGE_EXEC_LISTENER_CLASS=<string>

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_<CMDNAME>_CHANGE_EXEC_LISTENER_CLASS=<string>

Fully-qualified class which specifies a ChangeExecListener. For more information, see Implementing a Custom ChangeExecListener Class with Liquibase and ChangeExecListenerCommandStep.

Optional

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_CHANGE_EXEC_LISTENER_PROPERTIES_FILE=<string>

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_<CMDNAME>_CHANGE_EXEC_LISTENER_PROPERTIES_FILE=<string>

Path to a properties file for the ChangeExecListener class. For more information, see Implementing a Custom ChangeExecListener Class with Liquibase and ChangeExecListenerCommandStep.

Optional

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_CONTEXT_FILTER=<string>

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_<CMDNAME>_CONTEXT_FILTER=<string>

Specifies the changeset contexts to match. Contexts are tags you can add to changesets to control which changesets are executed in any particular migration run.

Note: If you use Liquibase 4.23.0 or earlier, use the syntax --contexts instead of --context-filter.

Optional

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_DEFAULT_CATALOG_NAME=<string>

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_<CMDNAME>_DEFAULT_CATALOG_NAME=<string>

Name of the default catalog to use for the database connection

Optional

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_DEFAULT_SCHEMA_NAME=<string>

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_<CMDNAME>_DEFAULT_SCHEMA_NAME=<string>

Name of the default schema to use for the database connection. If defaultSchemaName is set, then objects do not have to be fully qualified. This means you can refer to just mytable instead of myschema.mytable.

Tip: In Liquibase v4.23.0+, camelCase for defaultSchemaName works successfully. If you are on an earlier version, camelCase may not work as expected.

Note: The syntax liquibase.command.defaultSchemaName is valid for v4.19.0+. For prior versions, use defaultSchemaName.

Optional

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_DRIVER=<string>

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_<CMDNAME>_DRIVER=<string>

The JDBC driver class

Optional

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_DRIVER_PROPERTIES_FILE=<string>

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_<CMDNAME>_DRIVER_PROPERTIES_FILE=<string>

The JDBC driver properties file

Optional

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_LABEL_FILTER=<string>

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_<CMDNAME>_LABEL_FILTER=<string>

Specifies the changeset labels to match. Labels are tags you can add to changesets to control which changesets will be executed in any migration run.

Optional

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_PASSWORD=<string>

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_<CMDNAME>_PASSWORD=<string>

Password to connect to the target database.

Tip: It is a best practice to store sensitive data in a Secrets Management tool with Liquibase Pro.

Optional

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_REPORT_ENABLED=<true|false>

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_<CMDNAME>_REPORT_ENABLED=<true|false>

Enables a report at the command level. Overrides the global argument --reports-enabled. Default: false.

Optional

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_REPORT_NAME=<string>

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_<CMDNAME>_REPORT_NAME=<string>

Specifies the name of the report file at the command level. Overrides the global argument --reports-name. By default, Liquibase generates a new report file labeled with a timestamp (user's local time). If you set a custom name, Liquibase overwrites the existing file every time you generate a new report. Default: report-<DD-Mon-YYYY-HHmmss>.html.

Optional

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_REPORT_PATH=<string>

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_<CMDNAME>_REPORT_PATH=<string>

Specifies the file path to the report file at the command level. Overrides the global argument --reports-path. Default: ./.

Optional

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_ROLLBACK_SCRIPT=<string>

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_<CMDNAME>_ROLLBACK_SCRIPT=<string>

The path to the script to use to perform the rollback. Only needed if the rollback is not already defined in the changelog, and if it is not a rollback statement that is automatically generated by Liquibase.

Optional

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_USERNAME=<string>

LIQUIBASE_COMMAND_<CMDNAME>_USERNAME=<string>

Username to connect to the target database.

Tip: It is a best practice to store sensitive data in a Secrets Management tool with Liquibase Pro.

Optional

* Liquibase will check nested changelogs for definitions of the changesets to rollback

Note: The username and password attributes are not required for connections and systems which use alternate means of authentication. Also, you can specify database credentials as part of the url attribute.