Using Liquibase with HSQLDB

The purpose of this document is to guide you through the process of creating a new Liquibase project with HyperSQL Database (HSQLDB). In this tutorial, you will learn how to install the required database drivers and configure the Liquibase properties file to establish a database connection to HSQLDB.

Supported Versions

  • 2.3.4
  • 2.5

Note: The supported versions are the versions that were tested with Liquibase Test Harness.

Prerequisites

Before using Liquibase with your database, ensure you have:

Install drivers

To use Liquibase and HSQLDB, you need to have the JDBC driver JAR file.

Liquibase comes with a pre-installed driver for this database in the liquibase/lib directory. For more information, see Adding and Updating Liquibase Drivers.

Note: If you placed the JAR file in a different directory, you must specify the path in the Liquibase properties file: classpath:../<path_to_drivers>/<db_jar_name>.jar. For more information, see Specifying Properties in a Connection Profile.

If you use Maven, you also need to download the driver JAR file and put the driver in a location that your Maven build can access. Configure the Maven pom.xml file to use the local copy of the driver JAR file. For example:

<dependency>
    <groupId>org.hsqldb/groupId>
    <artifactId>hsqldb</artifactId>
    <version>2.5.2</version>
</dependency>

Test Your Connection

For Liquibase and HSQLDB to work, you need to:

  1. Ensure your HSQL database is configured. See Running and Using HyperSQL for more information.
  2. Specify the database URL in the Liquibase properties file:
  3. url: jdbc:hsqldb:hsql://<host>:<port>/<database>

    Note: As an HSQLDB database can be run in two modes—standalone and server, the url property formats differ. The standalone mode runs the database engine as part of your application program, and the software runs in the same local thread. If you use the standalone mode of HSQLDB, follow this format of the url property:

    jdbc:hsqldb:file:<database>
  4. Create a text file called changelog (.xml, .sql, .json, or .yaml) in your project directory and add a changeset.
  1. Navigate to your project folder in the CLI and run the Liquibase status command to see whether the connection is successful. You can pass arguments in the CLI or keep them in the Liquibase properties file.
  2. liquibase --username=test --password=test --changelog-file=<changelog.xml> status
  3. Run your first update with the update command, which makes changes to your database. You can also run the update-sql command to inspect the SQL before running the update command.
  4. liquibase --changelog-file=<changelog.xml> update-sql
    liquibase --changelog-file=<changelog.xml> update

From a database UI tool, ensure that your database contains the table you added along with the DATABASECHANGELOG table and DATABASECHANGELOGLOCK table.

See also