Using Liquibase with Apache Derby

Apache Derby is an open-source relational database implemented entirely in Java and available under the Apache License, Version 2.0.

Supported Versions

  • 10.14
  • 10.15

Note: Supported versions tested with Liquibase Test Harness.


Install Drivers

To use Liquibase and Apache Derby, you need to have the JDBC driver JAR file. You can also download it from the Apache Derby Tools Maven repository.

Place your JAR file(s) in the liquibase/lib directory. For more information, see Adding and Updating Liquibase Drivers.

If you use Maven, you also need to download the driver JAR file and configure your Maven pom.xml file to use the local copy of the driver. For more information, see Configuring Liquibase Attributes in your Maven POM File. For example:


Test Your Connection

For Liquibase and Apache Derby to work, you need to:

  1. Ensure your Apache Derby database is configured. As an option, you can run the sysinfo command to check the output of Derby system information. For more details, see the Install Software documentation.
  2. Specify the database URL in Liquibase properties file, as follows:
  3. url: jdbc:derby://localhost:1527/MYDATABASE;create=true

    Note: If you created MYDATABASE, use create=false or remove create=true from URL.

    Tip: To apply a Liquibase Pro key to your project, add the following property to the Liquibase properties file: liquibaseProLicenseKey: <paste code here>

  4. Create a text file called changelog (.xml, .sql, .json, or .yaml) in your project directory and add a changeset.

  1. Navigate to your project folder in the CLI and run the Liquibase status command to see whether the connection is successful. You can pass arguments in the CLI or keep them in the Liquibase properties file.
  2. liquibase --username=test --password=test --changelog-file=<changelog.xml> status
  3. Inspect the SQL with the update-sql command. Then make changes to your database with the update command.
  4. liquibase --changelog-file=<changelog.xml> update-sql
    liquibase --changelog-file=<changelog.xml> update

From a database UI tool, ensure that your database contains the table you added along with the DATABASECHANGELOG table and DATABASECHANGELOGLOCK table.

Troubleshooting issues on the macOS

If your Derby Server is not running or you are not using the embedded driver, use the following commands on the Mac to start the Derby Server:

export DERBY_HOME=<location_of the unzipped directory_for_derby>

Example: export DERBY_HOME=/Users/myname/Downloads/db-derby-

export JAVA_HOME=<path_to_your_JRE>

Note: Use the actual installed location of the JRE in place of <path_to_your_JRE> since Apache Derby will expect a bin directory as a subfolder. For example, export JAVA_HOME=/Library/Java/JavaVirtualMachines/adoptopenjdk-14.jdk/Contents/Home

java -jar $DERBY_HOME/lib/derbynet.jar start -h

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