changelog Property Substitution

Liquibase allows a dynamic substitution of properties in your changelog. The tokens to replace in your changelog are described using the ${property-name} syntax.


By substituting values for replacement tokens in the format of ${property-name}, you can use the same changesets to reflect small environmental changes.

For example, your tablespace name in Oracle may differ from environment to environment, but you want to only write one create table changeset that can be used in all your environments.

Using property substitution in your changelog

Liquibase allows you to use different ways to can set property values. Liquibase assigns these values in the order specified below:

  1. As an attribute passed to your Liquibase runner. See the Ant, Maven, or Servlet Listener documentation for more information on how to pass them.

  2. As a JVM system property. See JAVA_OPTS Environment Variable for more information.

  3. As an environment variable. See Liquibase Environment Variables for more information.

  4. As a CLI attribute if executed from the command line.

  5. In the file if used or executed from the command line. See Creating and configuring a file for more information.

  6. In the parameters block (property element of the DATABASECHANGELOG table itself).

Once a property has been set, it cannot be changed. Also, only the first definition is used, others are skipped.

Note: If the content of ${property-name} does not match a property, it is left as-is and it is not removed. The supported format includes alphanumeric characters, +, -, . , and _.

Nested properties

Name Description Required for Supports Multiple allowed?
<property> Defined before changesets in the changelog Substituting portions of a changeset during runtime All supported changeset tokens No. Property names are unique and can only be set one.

Available attributes

Attribute Description
name The name of the parameter. Required if file is not set
value The value of the property. Required if file is not set
file The name of the file from which the properties should be loaded. It will create a property for all properties in the file. The content of the file must follow the java properties file format.
context Contexts in which the property is valid. Expected as a comma-separated list.
dbms The type of a database which that property is to be used. When the migration step is running, it checks the database type against this attribute. Valid database type names are listed on the supported databases page. It is possible to list multiple databases separated by commas. You can also specify that a changeset is not applicable to a particular database type by prefixing with !. The keywords all and none are also available.
global Boolean. The attribute defines whether the property is global or limited to the actual DATABASECHANGELOG. The default value is true.