Using Liquibase with MariaDB, skySQL, or MariaDB AWS RDS

MariaDB delivers operational agility with key enterprise features, including real ACID compliance and full SQL. It provides two solutions:

  • MariaDB Platform, which includes an open-source database solution—MariaDB Server along with Xpand, ColumnStore, and MaxScale.
  • MariaDB Cloud (or MariaDB SkySQL), which is a cloud database service (DBaaS) that delivers MariaDB Platform on the expert-maintained cloud infrastructure from MariaDB Corporation.

You can also use MariaDB on Amazon RDS. For more information about MariaDB, see the MariaDB Knowledge Base.

Supported Versions

  • 10.2
  • 10.3
  • 10.4
  • 10.5
  • 10.6
  • 10.7

Note: The supported versions are the versions that were tested with Liquibase Test Harness.

Prerequisites

Before using Liquibase with your database, ensure you have:

Warning: If you create the Liquibase properties file, do not name it mariadb.properties. This file name conflicts with a properties file that is released with the MariaDB driver.

Driver Information

To use Liquibase and MariaDB, you need to have the JDBC driver .jar file. Liquibase comes with a pre-installed driver for MariaDB in the liquibase/lib directory. For more information, see Adding and Updating Liquibase Drivers.

Note: If you place the mariadb-java-client-version.jar file in a different directory, specify the path in the Liquibase properties file, as follows: classpath:../path_to_drivers/mariadb-java-client-version.jar. For more information, see Specifying Properties in a Connection Profile.

If you use Maven, you also need to download the MariaDB driver jar file and put the driver in a location that your Maven build can access. Configure the Maven pom.xml file to use the local copy of the driver jar file. For example:

<dependency>
<groupId>org.mariadb.jdbc</groupId>
<artifactId>mariadb-java-client</artifactId>
<version>2.7.3</version>
</dependency>

Testing Your Connection

For Liquibase and MariaDB to work, you need to:

  1. Ensure your MariaDB is configured. See the following:
  1. Specify the database URL in the Liquibase properties file or as a parameter to the command in the CLI. See the following:
  1. Create a text file called changelog (.xml, .sql, .json, or .yaml) in your project directory and add a changeset.
  1. Navigate to your project folder in the CLI and run the Liquibase status command to see whether the connection is successful. You can pass arguments in the CLI or keep them in the Liquibase properties file.
  2. liquibase --username=test --password=test --changelog-file=<changelog.xml> status
  3. Run your first update with the update command, which makes changes to your database. You can also run the update-sql command to inspect the SQL before running the update command.
  4. liquibase --changelog-file=<changelog.xml> update-sql
    liquibase --changelog-file=<changelog.xml> update

From a database UI tool, ensure that your database contains the table you added along with the DATABASECHANGELOG table and DATABASECHANGELOGLOCK table.

MariaDB Server

  • Check the status of the database by running the SHOW [GLOBAL | SESSION] STATUS command.
  • Specify the database URL in the Liquibase properties file, as follows:
  • url: jdbc:mariadb://<host>:<port>/<dbname>

MariaDB on AWS RDS

  • Check the connection by using the mysql utility and running the following:
  • mysql -h <endpoint> -P 3306 -u <mymasteruser> -p

    Note: The alternative way is to connect with the SSL certificate.

    You can find the connection information in the AWS Management Console:

    1. Open the Amazon RDS console
    2. Select Databases and choose the needed database
    3. Select Connectivity & security. You will see all information under Endpoint & Port.

    To find the connection information using the AWS CLI and RDS API, refer to the Connecting to a DB instance running the MariaDB database engine documentation.

  • Specify the database URL in the Liquibase properties file, as follows:
  • url: jdbc:mariadb://<endpoint>:<port>/<dbname>

    Example: url:jdbc:mariadb://myrds.cz1j1vh9uvuo.us-east-1.rds.amazonaws.com:3306/mydatabase

Related Links