Using Liquibase with Oracle Autonomous Database with ATP & ADW

Oracle Autonomous Database is an Oracle Cloud product with a set of services that deliver automated patching, upgrades, and tuning. It includes:

  • Autonomous Transaction Processing (ATP) – an Autonomous Database service that can instantly scale to meet demands of mission critical transaction processing and mixed workload applications.
  • Autonomous Data Warehouse (ADW) – a fully autonomous data warehousing environment that scales elastically, delivers fast query performance, and requires no database administration.

For more information, see the Oracle Cloud documentation page.

Verified database versions

  • 19c

Prerequisites

  1. Introduction to Liquibase – Dive into Liquibase concepts.
  2. Install Liquibase – Download Liquibase on your machine.
  3. Get Started with Liquibase – Learn how to use Liquibase with an example database.
  4. Design Your Liquibase Project – Create a new Liquibase project folder and organize your changelogs
  5. How to Apply Your Liquibase Pro License Key – If you use Liquibase Pro, activate your license.

Install drivers

CLI users

To use Liquibase and Oracle Autonomous Database with ATP or Oracle ADW, you need the JDBC driver JAR file:

Ensure you downloaded the Oracle JDBC driver JAR file (Maven download) to connect to the Oracle Autonomous Database. You can download ojdbc8.jar or ojdbc10.jar. The ojdbc10.jar file is certified with JDK10 and JDK11, and the ojdbc8.jar file is certified with JDK8, JDK9, and JDK11.

Note: It is best practice to use the Oracle Database 18c (or higher) drivers. Also, the following additional .jar files are required: oraclepki.jar, osdt_cert.jar, and osdt_core.jar. For more information, see Using Oracle Autonomous Database on Shared Exadata Infrastructure.

To use the Liquibase CLI, place your JAR file(s) in the liquibase/lib directory.

Maven users

To use Liquibase with Maven, you must instead include the driver JAR(s) as a dependency in your pom.xml file. Using this information, Maven automatically downloads the driver JAR from Maven Central when you build your project.

<dependency>
    <groupId>com.oracle.database.jdbc</groupId>
    <artifactId>ojdbc8</artifactId>
    <version>21.5.0.0</version>
</dependency>

Configure connection

Ensure that you have created:

Ensure that your Oracle ATP or ADW database is configured:

  1. Download the Wallet to connect to the database:
    1. Log into your Oracle Cloud account.
    2. Navigate to Autonomous Database and select DB Connection > Wallet Type > Download.
    3. Enter a secure password for the Wallet and download the ZIP file to save the client security credentials.
    4. Unzip the Wallet and place it somewhere safe in your file system to prevent unauthorized database access.
    5. Navigate to the Wallet folder and update the ojdbc.properties file with the following:
      • Comment out the oracle.net.wallet_location line.
      • Set javax.net.ssl.trustStorePassword to the Wallet password that you entered to download the Wallet.
      • Set javax.net.ssl.keyStorePassword to the Wallet password that you entered to download the Wallet.
      #oracle.net.wallet_location=(SOURCE=(METHOD=FILE)(METHOD_DATA=(DIRECTORY=${TNS_ADMIN})))
      javax.net.ssl.trustStore=${TNS_ADMIN}/truststore.jks
      javax.net.ssl.trustStorePassword=my_wallet_password
      javax.net.ssl.keyStore=${TNS_ADMIN}/keystore.jks
      javax.net.ssl.keyStorePassword=my_wallet_password
    6. In the Wallet folder, open the sqlnet.ora and ensure that SSL_SERVER_DN_MATCH=yes.
  2. Note: For alternative secure connection methods, see Connecting to Autonomous Database.

  3. Specify the database URL in the liquibase.properties file (defaults file), along with other properties you want to set a default value for. Liquibase does not parse the URL. You can either specify the full database connection string or specify the URL using your database's standard connection format:
  4. url: jdbc:oracle:thin:@<database_name>_high?TNS_ADMIN=/path/to/Wallet_<database_name>

    Note: If you use Windows, ensure the TNS_ADMIN path to your wallet folder includes double slashes in the URL property.

    Example: url: jdbc:oracle:thin:@databaseName_high?TNS_ADMIN=path//to//Wallet_databaseName

    Tip: To apply a Liquibase Pro key to your project, add the following property to the Liquibase properties file: licenseKey: <paste code here>

Test connection

  1. Create a text file called changelog (.xml, .sql, .yaml, or .json) in your project directory and add a changeset.

    If you already created a changelog using the init project command, you can use that instead of creating a new file. When adding onto an existing changelog, be sure to only add the changeset and to not duplicate the changelog header.

  2. <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
    <databaseChangeLog
        xmlns="http://www.liquibase.org/xml/ns/dbchangelog"
        xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
        xmlns:ext="http://www.liquibase.org/xml/ns/dbchangelog-ext"
        xmlns:pro="http://www.liquibase.org/xml/ns/pro"
        xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.liquibase.org/xml/ns/dbchangelog
            http://www.liquibase.org/xml/ns/dbchangelog/dbchangelog-latest.xsd
            http://www.liquibase.org/xml/ns/dbchangelog-ext http://www.liquibase.org/xml/ns/dbchangelog/dbchangelog-ext.xsd
            http://www.liquibase.org/xml/ns/pro http://www.liquibase.org/xml/ns/pro/liquibase-pro-latest.xsd">
    
        <changeSet id="1" author="your.name">
            <createTable tableName="test_table">
                <column name="test_id" type="int">
                    <constraints primaryKey="true" nullable="false" />
                </column>
                <column name="test_column" type="int"/>
            </createTable>
        </changeSet>
    
    </databaseChangeLog>
    --liquibase formatted sql
    
    --changeset your.name:1
    CREATE TABLE test_table (test_id INT NOT NULL, test_column INT, PRIMARY KEY (test_id))

    Tip: Formatted SQL changelogs generated from Liquibase versions before 4.2.0 might cause issues because of the lack of space after a double dash ( -- ). To fix this, add a space after the double dash. For example: -- liquibase formatted sql instead of --liquibase formatted sql and -- changeset myname:create-table instead of --changeset myname:create-table.

    databaseChangeLog:
       - changeSet:
           id: 1
           author: your.name
           changes:
           - createTable:
               tableName: test_table
               columns:
               - column:
                   name: test_id
                   type: INT
                   constraints:
                       primaryKey:  true
                       nullable:  false
               - column:
                   name: test_column
                   type: INT
    {
      "databaseChangeLog": [
        {
          "changeSet": {
            "id": "1",
            "author": "your.name",
            "changes": [
              {
                "createTable": {
                  "tableName": "test_table",
                  "columns": [
                    {
                      "column": {
                        "name": "test_id",
                        "type": "INT",
                        "constraints": {
                          "primaryKey": true,
                          "nullable": false
                        }
                      }
                    },
                    {
                      "column": {
                        "name": "test_column",
                        "type": "INT"
                      }
                    }
                  ]
                }
              }
            ]
          }
        }
      ]
    }
  3. Navigate to your project folder in the CLI and run the Liquibase status command to see whether the connection is successful:
  4. liquibase status --username=test --password=test --changelog-file=<changelog.xml>

    Note: You can specify arguments in the CLI or keep them in the Liquibase properties file.

    If your connection is successful, you'll see a message like this:

    4 changesets have not been applied to <your_connection_url>
    Liquibase command 'status' was executed successfully.
  5. Inspect the deployment SQL with the update-sql command:
  6. liquibase update-sql --changelog-file=<changelog.xml>
  7. Then make changes to your database with the update command:
  8. liquibase update --changelog-file=<changelog.xml>

    If your update is successful, Liquibase runs each changeset and displays a summary message ending with:

    Liquibase: Update has been successful.
    Liquibase command 'update' was executed successfully.
  9. From a database UI tool, ensure that your database contains the test_table object you added along with the DATABASECHANGELOG table and DATABASECHANGELOGLOCK table.

Now you're ready to start making deployments with Liquibase!

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