Using Liquibase with MariaDB

To test your connection, try running Liquibase with the JDBC driver located in the same directory as Liquibase:

  --url="jdbc:mariadb://<IP OR HOSTNAME>:<PORT>/<SCHEMA NAME>"  
  --username=<MARIADB USERNAME>
  --password=<MARIADB PASSWORD>generateChangeLog

Creating new Liquibase projects with MariaDB AWS RDS – Windows

The purpose of this document is to guide you through the process of creating a new Liquibase project with MariaDB AWS RDS on a Windows machine. In this tutorial, you will generate an example project and follow the instructions to apply and learn concepts associated with creating new Liquibase projects with MariaDB AWS RDS.


Note: Place the jdbc jar driver file in a known directory so you can locate it easily.

Example: C:\Users\Liquibase_Drivers\mariadb-java-client-2.4.4.jar


To create a Liquibase project with MariaDB AWS RDS on your Windows machine, begin with the following steps:

  • Create a new project folder and name it LiquibaseMariaDB_RDS.
  • In your LiquibaseMariaDB_RDS folder, Right-click then select New>Text Document to create an empty text file.
  • Rename the text file to dbchangelog.xml. changelog files contain a sequence of changesets, each of which make small changes to the structure of your database. Instead of creating an empty changelog file in step 2, you can also use an existing database to generate a changelog. In this tutorial, you will manually add a single change. To add this change:
  • Open the dbchangelog.xml file and update the changelog file with the following code snippet:
  <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>  
  • In your LiquibaseMariaDB_RDS folder Right-click and select New>Text Document to create a new text file.
  • Rename the text file to
  • Edit the file to add the following properties:
    changeLogFile:  C:\\Users\\Administrator\\LiquibaseMariaDB_RDS\\dbchangelog.xml  
    url:  jdbc:mariadb://  
    username:  myrds  
    password:  password  
    driver:  org.mariadb.jdbc.Driver  
    classpath:  ../../Liquibase_Drivers/ mariadb-java-client-2.4.4.jar

Because you are creating this project on Windows OS, you must specify the path with double slashes in the changeLogFile property. You must also use a relative path from your project directory to the driver jdbc jar file location in the classpath property. Also, the URL property should follow this template:

url: jdbc:mariadb://{host}[:{port}]/[{databasename}]

In our case, since we are using AWS RDS database instance, the host name should be copied from AWS website under your RDS –> Databases –> <database name> –> Connectivity & security –> Endpoint <copy the endpoint value>. This value should look similar to the value mentioned in the example above.

Note: If you already have a Liquibase Pro key and want to apply it to your project, add the following property to your file.

liquibaseProLicenseKey:  `<paste license key>`
  • Adding a changeset to the changelogchangesetsare uniquely identified by “author” and ”id” attributes. Liquibase attempts to execute each changeset in a transaction that is committed at the end. In the dbchangelog.xml file line 9 to 20 add a new “department” create table change set as follows:
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>  


    <changeSet  id="1"  author="bob">  
        <createTable  tableName="department">  
            <column  name="id"  type="int">  
                <constraints  primaryKey="true"  nullable="false"/>  
            <column  name="name"  type="varchar(50)">  
                <constraints  nullable="false"/>  
            <column  name="active"  type="boolean"                       

Note: This create table change set is XML format. The corresponding SQL statement should look like the following:

CREATE  TABLE  "department"  
("id"  number(*,0),  
 "name"  VARCHAR2(50  BYTE),  
 "active"  NUMBER(1,0)  DEFAULT  1  
  • Open the command prompt. Navigate to the LiquibaseMariaDB_RDS directory.
    Run the following command:
  liquibase update
  • From a database UI Tool, check your database changes under “mydatabase”. You should see a new “department” table added to the database. For example:
    SELECT  *  FROM  my_schema.department;

Also, you should see two more tables:

  • DATABASECHANGELOG tracking table – This table keeps a record of all the changesets that were deployed. This way, next time when you deploy again, the changesets in the changelog will be compared with the DATABASECHANGELOG tracking table and only the new changesets that were not found in the DATABASECHANGELOG will be deployed. You will notice that a new row was created in that table with the changeset information we have just deployed. For this example:
1 bob dbchangelog.xml date&time 1 EXECUTED checksumvalue
  • DATABASECHANGELOGLOCK – This table is used internally by Liquibase to manage access to the changelog table during deployment.