Using Liquibase with Oracle ATP & ADW

The purpose of this document is to guide you through the process of creating a new Liquibase project with an Oracle Autonomous Transaction Processing (ATP) or Autonomous Data Warehouse (ADW) database.

In this tutorial, you will generate an example project and follow the instructions to apply and learn concepts associated with creating new Liquibase projects with Oracle ATP or ADW.

Note: This example assumes that you have created an Oracle Free tier ATP or ADW Database via the Oracle Cloud web console and that you have created an Access Control List during provision with your IP address.

For more information about provisioning the Oracle Autonomous Database Processing or Autonomous Data warehouse via the Oracle Cloud web console, please see Oracle ATP and ADW related links at the bottom of this page.

Prerequisites

Downloading Wallet

To Download and install Wallet:

  1. Log in to your Oracle Cloud account > Select Autonomous Transaction Processing/Data Warehouse > click on autonomous database link > DB Connection > Download Wallet.
  2. Enter a password for the Wallet and download the .zip file.
  3. Record the Wallet password somewhere safe. For this example, let's call this password my_wallet_password.
  4. Unzip the Wallet and place it somewhere safe in your file system.
  5. Navigate to the wallet folder and edit the ojdbc.properties file with the following:
    • Comment out the oracle.net.wallet_location line.
    • Set javax.net.ssl.trustStorePassword to the wallet password in step 3.
    • Set javax.net.ssl.keyStorePassword to the wallet password in step 3.
                #oracle.net.wallet_location=(SOURCE=(METHOD=FILE)(METHOD_DATA=(DIRECTORY=${TNS_ADMIN})))
javax.net.ssl.trustStore=${TNS_ADMIN}/truststore.jks
javax.net.ssl.trustStorePassword=my_wallet_password
javax.net.ssl.keyStore=${TNS_ADMIN}/keystore.jks
javax.net.ssl.keyStorePassword=my_wallet_password
            

In the wallet folder open the sqlnet.ora and make sure that SSL_SERVER_DN_MATCH=yes

You are now ready to start the tutorial!

Tutorial

To create a Liquibase project with an Oracle ATP or ADW database, begin with the following steps:

  1. Create a new project folder and name it LiquibaseATP-ADW.
  2. Place the ojdbc jar driver file in the LiquibaseATP-ADW project directory.
  3. In your LiquibaseATP-ADW folder, create an empty text file.
  4. Rename the text file to myChangeLog.xml.

    Note: changelog files contain a sequence of changesets, each of which make small changes to the structure of your database. Instead of creating an empty changelog file in step 3, you can also use an existing database to generate a changelog. For more information see the changelog topic.

Step One: Update your changelog

In this tutorial, you will need to modify your changelog by adding a template.

To add this changelog template:

  1. Open the myChangeLog.xml file
  2. Update the changelog file with the following code snippet, then save your file:
                  <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>  
  <databaseChangeLog  
    xmlns="http://www.liquibase.org/xml/ns/dbchangelog"  
    xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"  
    xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.liquibase.org/xml/ns/dbchangelog
    http://www.liquibase.org/xml/ns/dbchangelog/dbchangelog-3.8.xsd">  
  </databaseChangeLog>
            

Step Two: Create a liquibase.properties file

  • In your LiquibaseATP-ADW folder create a new text file.
  • Rename the text file to liquibase.properties.
  • Edit the liquibase.properties file to add the following properties:
                    changeLogFile:  myChangeLog.xml  
    url:  jdbc:oracle:thin:@<database_name>_high?TNS_ADMIN=/path/to/Wallet_<database_name>  
    username:  ADMIN  
    password:  <DATABASE PASSWORD>  
    classpath:  ojdbc8.jar
            

Note: In this properties file example, the driver jar file is ojdbc8.jar under the classpath: property. Please rename it to match the one that you have previously downloaded accordingly.

For Windows OS Users

If you are on a Windows machine, please also make the TNS_ADMIN path to your wallet folder with double dashes in the URL property. Example:url: jdbc:oracle:thin:@databaseName_high?TNS_ADMIN=path//to//Wallet_databaseName

Step Three: Add your changesets

Now we will manually add a changeset to the changelog file. Remember, when adding changesets, they are uniquely identified by author and id attributes. Liquibase attempts to execute each changeset in a transaction that is committed at the end.

To add your changesets:

  1. In the myChangeLog.xml file line 9 to 20 add a new department by creating a table changeset as follows:
                
                    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>  

<databaseChangeLog  
  xmlns="http://www.liquibase.org/xml/ns/dbchangelog"  
  xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"  
  xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.liquibase.org/xml/ns/dbchangelog
         http://www.liquibase.org/xml/ns/dbchangelog/dbchangelog-3.8.xsd">  

    <changeSet  id="1"  author="bob">  
        <createTable  tableName="department">  
            <column  name="id"  type="int">  
                <constraints  primaryKey="true"  nullable="false"/>  
            </column>  
            <column  name="name"  type="varchar(50)">  
                <constraints  nullable="false"/>  
            </column>  
            <column  name="active"  type="boolean"  
              defaultValueBoolean="true"/>  
        </createTable>  
   </changeSet>  
</databaseChangeLog>
            

Note: This create table changeset is XML format. The corresponding SQL statement should look like the following:

                
                    CREATE  TABLE  "department"  
  ("id"  number(*,0),  
   "name"  VARCHAR2(50  BYTE),  
   "active"  NUMBER(1,0)  DEFAULT  1  
  );
            
  1. Open the command prompt. Navigate to the LiquibaseATP-ADW directory.
  2. Run the following command: liquibase update.
  3. Sign in to your Oracle Cloud account and navigate to Autonomous Database or Data Warehouse.
  4. Click on tools tab > Open SQL Developer Web and enter your Database username and password.

You should see a new department table added to the database.

Example Output

                
                    SELECT  *  FROM  public.department;
            
ID NAME ACTIVE
NULL NULL NULL

You should also see two more tables:

  • DATABASECHANGELOG tracking table – This table keeps a record of all the changesets that were deployed. This way, the next time you deploy your changelog, your changesets are compared to the DATABASECHANGELOG tracking table and only new changesets not found in the DATABASECHANGELOG will be deployed. A new row will also be created in your DATABASECHANGELOG tracking table with the changeset information you just deployed.

For this example:

ID AUTHOR FILENAME DATEEXECUTED ORDEREXECUTED EXECTYPE MDSUM
1 bob dbchangelog.xml date&time 1 EXECUTED checksumvalue
  • DATABASECHANGELOGLOCK – This table is used internally by Liquibase to manage access to the changelog table during deployment.